In the past Yogyakarta was the center of a prosperous and high civilization ancient Mataram kingdom. This kingdom established Borobudur Temple which is the largest Buddhist temple in the world.
However, at that time the Ancient Mataram Kingdom moved its center of government to East Java in the 10th century. The majestic temples were abandoned and some were buried in the eruption of Mount Merapi. Slowly, the Yogyakarta area returned to a dense forest.
Six hundred years later, Danang Sutawijaya established the Islamic Mataram Kingdom in this region. Once again Yogyakarta is a witness to the history of a large kingdom that controlled Java and its surroundings. This Islamic Mataram Kingdom left a trail in the form of ruins of royal fortresses and tombs in Kotagede which is now known as the center of silver handicrafts in Yogyakarta (see Footprint).
The Giyanti Agreement in 1755 divided the Islamic Mataram Kingdom into Surakarta Kasunan based in Solo City and the Yogyakarta Sultanate which established its palace in the City of Jogja. The Yogyakarta Palace still stands today and still functions as a residence for the sultan and his family, complete with hundreds of courtiers who voluntarily carry out the tradition in the midst of changing times. In Kraton, every day there are cultural performances such as wayang kulit performances, gamelan, Javanese ballet, etc. (see Travel Calendar).
Yogyakarta is now a place where tradition and modern dynamics go hand in hand. In Yogyakarta there is a palace with hundreds of courtiers who faithfully carry out the tradition, but there is also Gadjah Mada University which is one of the leading universities in Southeast Asia. In Yogyakarta, some people live in a thick agrarian culture, but there are also students with a pop lifestyle. In Yogyakarta, there are traditional markets and handicrafts, while next to it stands a mall that is no less crowded.
The unique combination of ancient temples, history, tradition, culture and natural beauty make Jogja very worthy of a visit. Welcome to Yogyakarta